Communities of Learning Networks

Communities of Learning (CoLs) as Networks

These generalisations about networks for learning are mine as a New Zealand educator and may not necessarily reflect the views of educational groups I am associated with.

Here are some thoughts that underpin the essence of why and how Communities of Learning are being developed in New Zealand and other OECD countries.

  • Why have CoLs? – because we have complex (and stubborn) issues that need to be resolved in NZ Education. THESE STUBBORN ISSUES CAN ONLY BE WORKED THROUGH IF WE EMBRACE NETWORKING TO MAXIMISE OUR COMPLEX PROBLEM SOLVING CAPACITIES. THIS NETWORKING IS PART OF THE INEXORABLE PATH AWAY FROM FACTORY MODEL EDUCATION INTO A LEARNING WORLD OF INCREASING COMPLEXITY AND A FUTURE THAT LOOKS AS THOUGH IT WILL BE EXTREMELY DIFFERENT ECONOMICALLY, SOCIALLY AND CULTURALLY.
  • Keeping in mind our focus on complex issues networked leadership has a better chance to have success. Layers of leadership can effectively interact at nodes without as much reference to rank and position. This means those in the network can link to all others in the network without the need for flows up and down a hierarchy as all have their own nodes and interactions. Individuals can share and interact with those they see as being the most useful or even the most different from themselves.
  •  Built into professional practice networks we need to give all individuals THE TIME TO THINK, TIME TO SHARE, TIME TO TRUST – inherent in this complex issue/problem solving is the need for transparency, co-operation and collaboration.
  • Getting to effective networks takes time and networks keep changing and evolving – we will be in “perpetual beta” for ever as our interactive systems keep growing new wings. Follow this link – enjoy Harold’s thinking and observation from the last 15 years. Explore the Perpetual Beta world with Harold Jarche
  • Interestingly the tools at our disposal offer the chance to include the qualities of what in the past was seen as village or tribal life where everyone could know about everyone else. Once an idea has emerged fresh and open to linkage to learning action it is not surprising it bumps into other similar ideas. A Twitter feed provided What’s the Next Big Idea? Micro-school networks. Tom Vander Ark and Megan Mead have provided a clear description of what I called the Franklin club in Education Should be Fun.
  • Educational leaders at all levels will always be active out there in the COMPLEX issues and problems area where we need the expertise of the network to ensure we can bring coherence and more certainty to our actions and decisions. Complex issues and problems by their nature need all the expertise we can harness to help take the leadership action needed – individuals and even whole schools can-not operate alone any more.

How would we make the network(s) for CoLs work?

Networks need to provide educational leaders at all levels with TIME TO THINK, TIME TO SHARE AND CO-OPERATE AND TIME TO TRUST.

  •  CoLs need all teachers (and students) to become expert communicators across all the networks they use
  • CoLs need focus on and opportunities for leadership at all levels to actively share and co-operate across networks at all levels (In other words use a curriculum of leadership to structure the networking and help break down the present silos of knowledge in and between schools. Use networking approaches that encourage self-managed learning and interaction by all teachers (not just the designated leaders)
  • CoLs need relatively simple online networking opportunities – common across NZ – with conversation opportunities, shared learning, strategy development and co-operation and collaboration deliberately focusing on complex and gritty problems. (This would mean working on complex problems would be the basis for conversation and shared learning strategies – this complex problems curriculum being applied on the go not taught as the starting point.)
  • I suspect we will never arrive at full and clear solutions to our complex gritty problems. Rather we will work on parts of them and there will be progress that is pleasing but there will be this “rolling maul of issues” that keep confronting us. New issues will keep on emerging as our future expands upon us while we drop others off through resolution.
  • We will however develop the view that it is enjoyable and even fun for all in the community to share in work on the “rolling maul”.

Further Reflections

The shape and operation of CoLs needs to fit the world of tomorrow and today – steady movement away from reliance on the models of 19th & 20th Century of leadership

Excellence in leadership across the CoL network will be the key to complex problem solving in schools. This means Cols will need to challenge and empower all in their teaching and or student roles to actively lead to solve or resolve these complex issues;

  • Inequities in educational achievement
  • Inherent suspicion and even disregard for formal education by too many (as seen in attendance rates and lack of enthusiasm for learning).
  • The grind and joylessness of teaching and learning that is driven by too much data and testing
  • Educating for future places in society – where “perpetual beta” is the norm so agility of thought and action will also be the norms in behaviour.

“Workers need more trusted relationships to share complex knowledge. But these take time to devel­op. Sharing knowledge in trusted networks does not happen overnight. Complex problems cannot be solved alone. They require the sharing of tacit knowledge, which cannot easily be put into a manual. Tacit knowledge flows best in trusted networks.” Harold Jarche 2015 Seeking Perpetual Beta

A parting thought – Communities of Learning are already very diverse with each of us belonging to a variety. Even within education we interact readily with many others in both formal and informal ways. Perhaps the best thing about learning is that we can interact with many and find solutions or part answers in many different places. As the populations of OECD countries age the best interactions could arise from tapping into the wisdom of our older citizens.

 

 

Posted in Personal Learning Environments | Tagged | Leave a comment

School Should be Fun

For many years I have wondered why we educators have not made sure that learning at school is fun.

School goals and purpose all to often seem to be too grandiose and defined in educational terminology – “students achieving their potential” “transformational approaches”, achieving above the national standard”.

What would we do differently in school if the school plan was for “learning to be fun”?

Starting with teachers learning it is not hard to think of “in-service learning that has been dead boring and irrelevant” or staff meetings that were of little value. However what happens when teachers are able to pursue their educational passion and lead their own learning? Teachers usually love learning but all too often face time squeezes that restrict their time for self and reflection is almost non-existent during the school term. Time-tables drive schools and teachers long with pre-defined purpose and action to meet the goals of this years plan. Time to explore the by-ways of learning is not seen as very useful. In the early years of principals having computers on their desks there were a significant number in New Zealand who were reluctant to use them during the school day as this was seen as a wasteful use of time – distractions from the real business of driving the school.In fact some saw it as enjoyable and opening up of possibilities! Save computer time till after school when others would not see you in action!

This reference to Benjamin Franklin opens up an interesting thought about teachers having fun learning. Why Constant Learners All Embrace the Five Hour Rule (Michael Simmons co-founder of Empact) – thank you Michael for sharing this.

Franklin’s learning time consisted of:

  • Waking up early to read and write
  • Setting personal-growth goals (i.e., virtues list) and tracking the results
  • Creating a club for “like-minded aspiring artisans and tradesmen who hoped to improve themselves while they improved their community”
  • Turning his ideas into experiments
  • Having morning and evening reflection questions

Every time that Franklin took time out of his busy day to follow his five-hour rule and spend at least an hour learning, he accomplished less on that day. However, in the long run, it was arguably the best investment of his time he could have made.

Although this seems a disciplined approach to learning its open ended path offers great chances for fun and diversity of learning. I particularly like the experiments and reflection – he must have been one of the great questioners.

I wonder how many teachers have the freedom to do a Benjamin Franklin and have fun pursuing their educational passion then sharing that with other educators – the investment of one hour a day for each week day sounds a big investment and a potential loss of time for teacher business.

However what happens if the hour is a directly tied to aspects of education and achievement and is therefore embedded in the school day and could in fact be shared in a “Franklin” type club where the like-minded artisans are students or teachers who hoped to improve themselves while they improved their community. What say these “artisans” asked questions that seemed to have no easy answers? In other words the bold ones – the ones New Zealanders should have been grappling with for decades;

  • How can we tap into and use the genetic coding that brought all of us to Aotearoa? (During the past 1500 years New Zealand (Aotearoa) has been populated by those who dared to travel thousands of kilometres to get here be they Maori, Pasifika, European, Asian and many others. I feel certain this boldness, creativity and independence is somehow encoded in our genetics. No other nation’s peoples have collectively travelled so far.
  • How can compulsory schooling become fun filled achievement for everyone?
  • How can we build on the creativity and adaptability of our multi-cultural nation?

What if the 70,000 educators in New Zealand applied even TWO hours a week on aspects related to questions like these? 140,000 hours a week must have possibilities.

The Franklin type club offers the chance to interact with other learners across all ages in the school community – I’ll return to this in my next reflection.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Our Unique Value as Educators

George Couros has opened up a line of thinking that needs encouragement in our New Zealand setting – in his Being a Void that is Felt he stresses the need for each individual teacher to view themselves as uniquely valuable and so if they leave there will be a void where they once were in the school setting.

This void is strongly centred around their personal qualities and cultural input to school relationships and interactions – however each staff member can bring their own cultural inputs that in themselves give the school strength.These qualities add value to their teaching and sharing of learning and make them unique members of a school staff.

In our Aotearoa bi-cultural setting with its multi-cultural future everyone who teaches needs to be creating their own valuable cultural impact and adding value to the richness of people as they grow through schooling.The void Couros indicates can be in New Zealand schools the loss created when a trusted teacher moves on so their capacity to grow success for Maori succeeding as Maori goes with them. The void can be built around a teacher having the personal and cultural qualities to ensure all students and other teachers they are interacting with know that teacher appreciates and honours them for who they are and offers them the belief that innovation and personal growth will be noticed and important to that teacher.

Perhaps all too often the real value of a teacher’s impact on students is best understood through their ability to tap into the potential of each student. This ability being built on a certainty of relationship and trust as well as insight to the individual student needs as ways of being. e.g. The Impact of Teachers: A Story of Indelible Memories and Self-Esteem by Robert Brooks explores the value and richness of teacher actions and relationships with students. The caring adult in these situations will be remembered for many years and there can be a void left when that teacher connection is broken at the end of a year or when they leave.

Contribute to Your School with More than Teaching by Jordan Catapano opens the door on how teachers build their contribution and in fact how when they leave create a void. Expanding contribution beyond the standard classroom curriculum is an obvious thing to do but am I right in saying that the OECD demand on teachers time for assessment and reporting is shrinking the time and energy available for these contributions to the school community? I can remember the teachers who coached me in a range of sports and their impact on me has spread through many years but I fail to remember a single mathematics lesson of consequence.Perhaps the obsession with data and competing with other nations is actually eroding our schooling impact.

There is a void where once the widely contributing teacher stood!!

In Communities of Learning (CoLs) the contributions across the CoL seem to require teachers to be full and rich contributors to more then just their school. Are communities built on the value added by community members? If so how can we find the energy and commitment to our CoLs?

Perhaps we need to give priority to such things and stop doing some of the other things that keep teachers too busy.

Time for shared reflection on things that worked well could be a simple start. How do you…? Why do you…?  Shared reflections using on line media could be powerful in opening up our minds to the thinking and actions of colleagues in other schools. Short and regular connection interspersed with some face to face interaction may well open up the flow of possibilities.

Are we beset with formal planned interaction or do we encourage informal and more spontaneous connections across many levels of the schools involved. In big schools do we have a history of interaction across the staff or do we tend to have many islands of interaction? Do we actively drive the responsibility for shared learning so all at all levels are interacting? All meaning all staff and all students.

Teacher impact in our schools will leave an interaction void when a teacher leaves but this should be quickly filled by others engaging in communication flows – these flows not being the same but will contribute to the growth of the educational community.

In other words the widely contributing teacher and student should not be an exception in schools where time is deliberately set aside for thinking and sharing reflections.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Questions When School Leaders are Exploring

In my last post about persisting with questions I focussed on problems and negative things.

What about exploring questions and actions to grow school capacity and thinking about change? As a leader are you being told what you want to hear or are you getting into the real world of your school’s interactions.

As a school leader use questions and inquiry to discover what the silent ones are thinking and doing. Across the staff there will be some who never say much during public forums and debates about issues. How do you get to learn more about their thinking and action?

Maintaining an open door policy as a school leader is all very well but there are likely to be inhibitions imposed on teachers, students and parents when they try to express their opinion and views in your office. Especially if those views differ from yours.

Assuming you are a great listener would you try this? Deliberately seek out teachers on their territory at times they are likely to be able to give you a few gems of understanding. Go to their classrooms after school and have a conversation where they set the agenda – this does not need to be formalised and if you engage in this regularly their agendas will produce new and interesting views of problems and possibilities. Simply asking for them to tell you about what is on top for them may well give you insights you did not expect. Once staff get to know you are exploring when visiting their territory their confidence in speaking up about issues of importance or even express criticism of you is likely to be enhanced – you are then into the rich veins of gold called “what do we really think around here?”

Visiting others on their territory can of course be a regular and quite casual process – if you regularly move around the school both adults and students will impart useful comments. This does of course depend on you the leader providing clear evidence you want to hear all sorts of view points and the good with the bad.

How would you start this process? Why not make the first visit to the teacher who in your opinion has the worst classroom (in terms of its physical quality)? May be they have never been visited before? (I had a principal who in 11 years never visited my classroom at any time I was there!) Maybe they will be very pleased you know the conditions they work under when it is too cold or too hot etc.

Why not visit the teacher who is always reluctant to accept new plans and direction? Really listening to her/him may well open your understanding of their educational values. Have you ever listened without interruption for three minutes or longer? You may be surprised what you hear!

Why not go round the school on the first wet and cold day of the year? Students and teachers alike will be happy to tell you about their learning and being in school conditions. Puddles and cold winds perhaps sharpen the mind!

Why not welcome complaints and criticism from anyone? Listening in-depth to the concerns can often grow your working relationships and over time that can lead to educational growth outcomes. Thanking someone for complaining alters the whole way they respond – the chances are they become less steamed up about the issues and then find it easier to explain what matters to them. In my experience parental and community complaints are a rich source of possibilities – they will have thought about complaining many times before making contact with a principal and may well have told others before they tell you. Welcoming that complaint and thoughtfully responding to it will help in the long run – perhaps you will gain a parent who starts to spread good news stories around and tells you first when he/she thinks things have gone wrong.

This photo gallery from Uncommon Schools in New York State captures many of the reflections I have noted above.

Exploring questions with an accompanying listening and open mind are leaders’ greatest assets!

George Couros, Four Questions to Lay the Foundation for a Culture of Innovation, helps sharpen our minds about the power of questions and how we ask them.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Questions when doubtful?

This focus point jumped at me as I read the Business Section of the New Zealand Herald on Friday 3 February;

Kate Jorgensen, Kiwi Rail CFO – “my real lesson is that you get an answer and something in your gut tells you it is not right, always follow through, always keep going until you’ve got the right answer.”
Quoted in Herald Business 3 Feb 2017 – Kate Jorgensen was commenting on a lesson she learned soon after she graduated from university. She was interviewing elderly victims of a fraudster and found many had asked the fraudster questions about doubtful looking transactions. However the fraudster never replied to the questions. The victims all gave up asking again! Until it was too late!
This brings to mind the examples of inappropriate or illegal actions by staff of New Zealand schools.
One example involved an IT technician in the early days of school IT networks, making sure he could use the school server for his own nefarious actions. He set up new locks on the room and space where the server was using the excuse that only he needed access as others could mess up the system. The principal asked about these and accepted the answer but was left uneasy.
Still questioning in his mind three of four months later the principal attended a session about school IT safeguards and was told by the police that the most important thing to do was to know what your IT experts are up to. Be suspicious of locks being changed, access to servers only being the role of the one expert and the expert “doing work on the server at all hours of the day or night”. The police also insisted on persistent questioning – all the “dumb questions you can think of”
The principal looked at his BOT Chairman who was also there and said, “We have a technician who is doing all those thing!”
They discussed things with the police and that night broke into the server room and the police forensics team had a field day uncovering use of the school system as part of an internet porn ring.
The principal had got the answer.
Every year in New Zealand a few teachers have inappropriate relationships with students. All too often these cases occur over quite long periods of time and on reflection other teachers in the school can say, “I thought that Teacher X was being unprofessional and it was not appropriate but when I mentioned my view X brushed off my concern.”
One instance involved a teacher ingratiating his way into the minds of teenage girls in his form class and consequently isolating them and touching them inappropriately.
We in the school were concerned enough to warn the Principal that things did not seem to be as they should – after an investigation the Principal said there was nothing to be concerned about. We accepted this – despite the teacher taking photos of the students in his class for a database of his making, using a darkroom with students, having special counselling sessions with female students.
Fortunately our guidance counsellor kept on questioning – until finally a student confirmed she had been touched inappropriately by the male teacher. The Guidance Counsellor’s persistent questioning and joining up of the different pieces of information led to instant dismissal and a prison sentence for the teacher.
School finances can lead to similar need for strong persistent questioning. A classic example involved the Principal using a school bank account as his own personal money source. He had an imprest (petty cash) account set up and controlled the use of this account even to the extent of ensuring it was regularly topped up. Members of his Board of Trustees asked about this account and were told “it was not their business to confirm how this money was spent.”
After several years the Principal left and the new Principal confirmed in no uncertain terms the BOT had been “taken for a ride”  – following investigations the previous principal was found to have carried out similar fraudulent actions with community groups he acted as Treasurer for.
In this instance it is really hard for community members of a BOT to keep asking the dumb questions when things seem wrong. However we should applaud each time such questions are repeated.
Kate Jorgensen will not be surprised to think of her persistent questioning being one of the most powerful tools when dealing with bullying by students or teachers. Small signs can when added together over a series of questions and answers provide the picture to uncover bullying and injustice. Yet all too often we as teachers do not want to believe bullying actions are occurring or that other teachers are being deliberately unjust in their treatment of some students.
Sometimes we think that if we have passed on our concern about something we have done our bit and the Principal or Deputy Principal will handle it from here. (All too often these concerns can get lost in the busy flow of their daily work and may not get dealt with for weeks!)
Perhaps we all need a “warning light” question list when becoming aware of situations that cause us to be uneasy;
  •  why do I instinctively feel that is not right?
  • why has that student changed in the last month or so?
  • What am I not being told?
  • Why did I get the brush off in that answer?
  • Why did the teacher not look at me as he answered?
  • What other questions could I ask to widen the scope of my checking?
  • Who else might be able to cast some light on this situation?
  • Why is only one staff member in charge or involved wirh this? (money, activity, group)
  • Who else needs to know about my concerns?
  • How can I remember to re-visit this concern shortly? (In a week or month no more.)

These are all negatives – I wonder what happens when you keep on questioning as a leader in search of “great ideas and things going on around here”?

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Publish for Possibilities

Digital citizenship is loudly proclaimed across compulsory education in New Zealand but do we know what we want it to be? Do we work to ensure it opens up possibilities for our school students and leaders or do we tread with caution and doubt its value?

George Couros, a visionary school leader in Alberta, Canada, has in his The Principal of Change Blog outlined some very useful insights to youth in his country and their views and actions on the internet in Positive, Negative or Neutral? Crucial conversations on Digital Citizenship?

He discovered that students were careful in their use of the internet and showed him what their digital footprint was like. However they did not display anything about their interesting capabilities and capacity to learn. Perhaps because it was not cool to do so.

If as George suggests resumes will be replaced by your online presence then there is a message for not only students at school but also for school leaders and educators at all levels.

His message for those guiding students of school age could well be for learners of all ages;

  1. “Is your footprint positive, negative, or neutral?  What would others say that don’t know you?
  2. How do you want to be perceived offline? How about online? Is there a difference in your actions in those spaces?
  3. It is important to show who you are as a person, but to also understand that this is a an open room and to be thoughtful of others.  Have fun but not at the expense of someone else.”

I know for years I ignored the thought of having an online presence that included my thinking and learning – despite the fact I have worked online in school leadership linkage for well over a decade!

My first tentative steps in the use of WordPress were made six years ago, with Twitter and LinkedIn being minor excursions on my behalf at times over the last four years.

It is only now that I belatedly recognise that I have been a “lurker” for most of my internet time and have not added enough value to others leadership learning by including my own thoughts and spending time curating useful connections/resources/etc that I have come across.

I suppose I am now facing the challenge that communities of learning do not yield full value to their members unless there is a healthy balance between “publishing” and “lurking.”

Publishing tentative understandings can be very valuable if others connect their thinking to them and pass on their understandings – rolling through a series of interactions will no doubt help us all to arrive at new knowledge and thinking that none of us alone could manage.

Now what about teachers as leaders. As innovative learning environments appear in the reality and minds of teachers and students can we see new layers of leadership emerge as expertise is shared more readily and sharpened as teachers grow their capacity not because they know more but because they are prepared to publish more.

Principals and other school leaders could develop “innovative leadership environments” where they publish their thoughts for others to reflect upon and add to. This would of course be built into a trusting environment such as Jan Robertson outlines in her recently published book.

Reference: Roberson, J. (2016) .Coaching Leadership: building educational leadership capacity through partnership. Wellington: NZCER (E-version available at $15 from http://mebooks.co.nz/education/coaching-leadership-2nd-ed-ebook

This blog has been placed in my WordPress blog as recognition that its tentative suggestions need a bigger audience than can be found in the “walled garden” of the New Zealand National Aspiring Principals Programme (NAPP)

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Curation: What is it and why is it important?

First published in NAPP My Portfolio 31 January 2016 – added to WordPress July 3, 2016

Curation sounds awkward. How does it add value to learning for us as leaders?

Steven Anderson sheds light on curation – by making it simple.

In NAPP we are encouraging network development and supportive interaction so learning is easier. Steven Anderson makes this point;

“The Internet has allowed us to retrieve as much information on any topic from pretty much any source we want. Wading through the junk can be tough. We have to rely on the collective knowledge of our friends and colleagues to help us sort the good from the bad. (Because remember, alone we are smart but together we are brilliant.)”

However I agree with Steven Anderson – retrieval and collective knowledge are only half the process.

Curation involves using “web based tools to locate, filter for value and then save for later”.

Note in Anderson’s article the emphasis he places on Evernote, Pocket and Diigo – as this article was written in 2014 things change and you may well have other online apps that provide way stations for new information and filtered resources of value.

I would add the point that we never need to be concerned about missing out on valuable knowledge – valuable knowledge will come back to the surface again provided you maintain your “dipping into the internet” at regular intervals. Your network will bring back ideas and information in all sorts of ways provided you interact with it reasonably often.

Using Twitter is a great example – I am not great at posting on Twitter but I find spending short periods of time every day or so will bring to the surface a diverse range of educational resources and ideas from the diverse range of educators on my “following” list – perhaps in 2016 I’ll get better at curating some resources and sharing them on Twitter.

One of the delights of the internet is the way it keeps on adding possibilities to our learning – curating may well be more valuable than we think initially.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment